What is personal, social and emotional development (PSED) and why is it so important?
PSED refers to helping children to develop a positive self-image, developing positive relationships and respect. Whilst also gaining understanding and compassion for others, in addition to learning social skills ~ managing and understanding their own feelings, learning what is appropriate behaviour and to have confidence in themselves and their abilities.
In the Early Years, and beyond, PSED underpins everything we do.
PSED is one of the three prime areas within the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). Each prime area is divided into early learning goals, for PSED these are:
- Self confidence and self awareness - children are confident to try new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others. They are confident to speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources they need for their chosen activities. They say when they do or don't need help.
- Managing feelings and behaviour - children talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others behaviour, and its consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable. They work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow the rules. They adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.
- Making relationships - children play cooperatively, taking turns with others. They take account of one another's ideas about how to organise their activity. They show sensitivity to others' needs and feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children.