What is personal, social and emotional development (PSED) and why is it so important?
PSED refers to helping children to develop a positive self-image, developing positive relationships and respect. Whilst also gaining understanding and compassion for others, in addition to learning social skills ~ managing and understanding their own feelings, learning what is appropriate behaviour and to have confidence in themselves and their abilities.
In the Early Years, and beyond, PSED underpins everything we do.
PSED is one of the three prime areas within the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS).
Each prime area is divided into Early Learning Goals (children at the expected level of development will...)
- Show an understanding of their own feelings and those of others, and begin to regulate their behaviour accordingly;
- Set and work towards simple goals, being able to wait for what they want and control their immediate impulses when appropriate;
- Give focused attention to what the teacher says, responding appropriately even when engaged in activity, and show an ability to follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.
- Be confident to try new activities and show independence, resilience and perseverance in the face of challenge;
- Explain the reasons for rules, know right from wrong, and try to behave accordingly;
- Manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs, including dressing, going to the toilet and understanding the importance of healthy food choices.
- Work and play cooperatively, and take turns with others;
- Form positive attachments to adults and friendships with peers;
- Show sensitivity to their own and to others’ needs.